Adhd。 ADHD: Everything You Need to Know



😀ADHD and Adults Many adults with ADHD do not realize they have the disorder. Treatments include medications, behavioral therapy, and providing teachers and caregivers with the support and tools to communicate with children who have ADHD and help them flourish. Co-occurring Disorders More than two-thirds of children with ADHD have at least one other co-existing condition. For more information on services for children with special needs, visit the To find the Parent Center near you, you can ADHD in Adults ADHD can last into adulthood. Often interrupts or intrudes on others e. expand• Related Conditions• Treatment ADHD is managed and treated in several ways:• expand• expand• Learning more about the disorder in general can also help you learn how to manage it. Unable to play or do leisure activities quietly. Is often forgetful in daily activities. Fact: Children with ADHD are often able to concentrate on activities they enjoy. expand• expand• Make the rules of behavior simple and explain what will happen when they are obeyed or broken—and follow through each time with a reward or a consequence. Our free online resources ensure that everyone can get the help they need when they need it—no matter what health insurance they have, where they live, or what they can afford. The study found that adults with ADHD had brain scans showing significantly reduced activity throughout the brain, especially within two areas of the brain responsible for motor activity and attention capacity the premotor cortex and prefrontal cortex. Usually a person with ADHD receives a combination of treatments. Treatment for ADHD typically includes behavioral therapies, medication, or both. Schools regularly assess children for problems that may be affecting their educational performance. Social communication disorder• expand• Predominantly hyperactive-impulsive type People with this type of ADHD show primarily hyperactive and impulsive behavior. Some use those terms to designate the old subtypes; others use ADD just as a shorter way to refer to any presentation. School support: Teachers and counselors play a major role in creating education plans and employing different teaching styles to engage more actively with children who have ADHD. Psychiatric Genetics, 20 4 , 160-165. that and periodic leg movement syndrome are also common in children with ADHD. There is no one single test that can diagnose a child with ADHD, so meet with a doctor or mental health professional to gather all the necessary information to make a diagnosis. Children with ADHD may be:• expand• expand• Of course, many things, including these, might make symptoms worse, especially in certain people. Women are to experience difficulty with inattentive characteristics, according to the National Institute of Mental Health. Any medical information published on this website is not intended as a substitute for informed medical advice and you should not take any action before consulting with a healthcare professional. For children with ADHD, poor sleep too little sleep or symptoms of sleep disorders may profoundly impact ADHD symptoms. squirm or fidget• Severity of symptoms As ADHD symptoms affect each person to varying degrees, the now requires professionals diagnosing ADHD to include the severity of the disorder. Stimulant medications are highly effective treatments that have been safely used for decades. difficulties with following instructions to complete tasks Predominantly hyperactive-impulsive: This specifier means that an individual shows more signs of hyperactivity than inattention, including:• expand• Research is ongoing as to what causes these characteristics, but recent research has illustrated the links between ADHD and premature birth, , and smoking during pregnancy, and low birth weight. However, some people may not receive a diagnosis until adolescence or even adulthood. If you suspect that you or your child has ADHD, talk to your doctor about getting an evaluation. infographic. expand• expand• Mild: Few symptoms beyond the required number for diagnosis are present, and symptoms result in minor impairment in social, school or work settings. exposure to lead or pesticides in early childhood• Symptoms and Diagnosis Many ADHD symptoms, such as high activity levels, difficulty remaining still for long periods of time and limited attention spans, are common to young children in general. A wide range of behaviors are associated with ADHD. There may be more severe negative behaviors with co-existing conditions such as oppositional defiant disorder or conduct disorder. Early identification and treatment are extremely important. Cerebral Cortex, 24 4 , 935-944. expand• The symptoms for each are adapted and summarized below. expand• Interrupts or intrudes upon others ADHD combined presentation• Self-management, education programs and assistance through schools or work or alternative treatment approaches Related Conditions Around of children with ADHD also have another condition. Treatment can help your child learn to manage and minimize the symptoms. Parenting Children who have ADHD tend to benefit from structure, routines and clear expectations. This type is most common among girls with ADHD. ADHD throughout the lifespan Children with ADHD often experience delays in independent functioning and may behave younger than their peers. Fact: Some children with ADHD are hyperactive, but many others with attention problems are not. Organizations like or the provide tips for management as well as the latest research. Medication There are two main types of medication for ADHD: stimulants and non-stimulants. The symptoms you have depend on the type of ADHD you have. In this article, we explore the different treatments for ADHD, as well as its possible causes. These organizations also concluded that children and adults with ADHD benefit from appropriate treatment. Diagnostic terminology for psychiatric and behavioral disorders comes from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual DSM , the manual used by doctors to identify, describe, and code various conditions. expand• Other factors that may contribute to the development of ADHD include being born prematurely, brain injury and the mother smoking, using alcohol or having extreme stress during pregnancy. They can help determine if ADHD is a factor for you or your child. Sometimes you may feel like your child is running the show. These include:• expand• Treating sleep problems in children and adults with ADHD may improve symptoms and quality of life. The term ADHD became official in May 2013, when the APA released the , Fifth Edition DSM-5. Several symptoms are present in two or more settings, e. Mood Disorder, Anxiety Disorder, Dissociative Disorder, or a Personality Disorder. Your doctor can help you create a treatment plan to help you manage your symptoms and live well with ADHD. — Information on ADHD in American Sign Language ASL Links with this icon indicate that you are leaving the CDC website. Instead, research shows that ADHD is both highly genetic with the majority of ADHD cases having a genetic component , and a brain-based disorder with the symptoms of ADHD linked to many specific brain areas. It is hard for the person to wait their turn or listen to directions. This manual is what doctors refer to when making diagnoses for mental health conditions. Causes Despite multiple studies, researchers have yet to determine the exact causes of ADHD. As ADHD is a disorder that is present throughout the lifespan, family members, spouses, and teachers if applicable are often asked to provide third-party observations and complete behavior rating scales to verify course of symptoms over time. Does not seem to listen when spoken to i. They include methylphenidate and amphetamines. Losing things such as school supplies or toys. Any disorder can co-exist with ADHD, but certain disorders seem to occur more often. , at home, school or work; with friends or relatives; in other activities. They also need lots of love, support, and encouragement. [] ———————• Symptoms While some behaviors associated with ADHD are "normal" and not a cause for concern to most people, someone with ADHD will have trouble controlling these behaviors and will show them much more frequently and for longer than 6 months. A person with impulsiveness may have more accidents and injuries than others. Trouble completing or turning in homework assignments. Often runs about or climbs in situations where it is not appropriate adolescents or adults may be limited to feeling restless. Sleep disorders affect people with ADHD two to three times as often as those without it. excessive talking• Adults with ADHD often cope with difficulties at work and in their personal and family lives related to ADHD symptoms. Educators would not describe their symptoms in class as disruptive, as hyperactive characteristics often do not have as much of a presence in female presentations of ADHD. And with the coronavirus pandemic and troubled economy, many are in crisis right now. expand• The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website. Causes of ADHD Scientists are studying cause s and risk factors in an effort to find better ways to manage and reduce the chances of a person having ADHD. For adults, using lists, keeping a calendar, and setting reminders are good ways to help you get and stay organized. Getting a diagnosis for ADHD can sometimes be difficult because the symptoms of ADHD are similar to typical behavior in most young children. expand• A comprehensive evaluation typically includes a review of past and current symptoms, a medical exam and history, and use of adult rating scales or checklists. Has difficulty sustaining attention• In some children, ADHD symptoms begin as early as , according to the National Institute of Mental Health. An estimated of children aged 4- 17 have ADHD. ADHD is one of the most common disorders of childhood. The cause s and risk factors for ADHD are unknown, but current research shows that genetics plays an important role. According to the National Institute of Mental Health, with ADHD receive a diagnosis during elementary school. Has difficulty with organization• The child who daydreams and has ten different thoughts at once can become a master problem-solver, a fountain of ideas, or an inventive artist. expand• expand• expand• In addition to behavioral therapy and medication, having a healthy lifestyle can make it easier for your child to deal with ADHD symptoms. expand• Additional education can be beneficial for giving medicines. expand• Often loses things needed for tasks or daily life, such as school papers, books, keys, wallet, cell phone and eyeglasses. Has problems staying focused on tasks or activities, such as during lectures, conversations or long reading. expand• get at least 60 minutes of per day• Some adults with ADHD prefer long-acting formulations, while others respond better to short-acting medication. expand• As noted above, ADHD persists from childhood to adolescence in the vast majority of cases 50—80 percent , although the hyperactivity may lessen over time. The two main types of medications used to treat ADHD are stimulants and nonstimulants. expand• ADHD coaching has been found to be effective in guiding those with ADHD towards identifying and meeting goals, maintaining a positive approach to change, and improving productivity while providing a source of accountability. Hyperactive and impulsive, but able to pay attention. expand• These characteristics interfere with daily life, relationships with others, and success in school or work. and• Your first move should be to make an appointment with your primary care provider. expand• While these characteristics are common in many young children, they are more severe than the behaviors demonstrated by others in the same age group. expand• Signs of inattention include:• expand• Depending on the diagnosis, they may also suggest making an appointment with a psychiatrist or neurologist. Differences in the communication route related to reward and consequence, a pathway involving dopamine activity Volkow, et al, 2009 have been found to be particularly problematic in the brains of individuals with ADHD, as have brain networks involved in the engagement and regulation of attention. expand• Up to of adults with ADHD have been found to also have depression. expand• Is it normal kid behavior or is it ADHD? Managing Symptoms: Staying Healthy Being healthy is important for all children and can be especially important for children with ADHD. Teachers are often the first to notice ADHD symptoms because they see children in a learning environment with peers every day. Behavioral therapy• Avoids or dislikes tasks requiring sustained mental effort• Dopamine risk and paternal ADHD symptomatology associated with ADHD symptoms in four and a half-year-old boys. The symptoms are not better explained by another mental disorder e. Individuals with ADHD can be very successful in life. A child with ADHD might:• Other factors in the environment may increase the likelihood of having ADHD:• expand• Loses things• For this reason, children with ADHD often require special attention from parents, teachers, school systems and healthcare and mental health professionals in order to succeed. Medication serves to manage brain based functions and symptoms and therapy addresses daily thoughts, behaviors, and coping strategies. But no matter how hard they try, they have trouble maintaining focus when the task at hand is boring or repetitive. Problems at work, lost productivity, and reduced earning power. , lead during pregnancy or at a young age• The ADHD Diagnosis is further broken down into one of three subtypes: Combined Presentation : symptoms of both criteria inattention and hyperactivity-impulsivity were present for the past 6 months; Predominantly Inattentive Presentation : predominant symptoms of inattention, but not hyperactivity-impulsivity, were present for the past six months; and Predominantly Hyperactive-Impulsive Presentation : predominant symptoms of hyperactivity-impulsivity but not inattention were present for the past six months. finding it difficult to play or engage in activities without creating excessive noise• Talk therapy can help treat both conditions. expand• These include an inability to pay attention, a tendency toward impulsiveness, and above-normal levels of activity and energy. The following factors are NOT known causes, but can make ADHD symptoms worse for some children:• expand Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder ADHD is a condition in which characterized by inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity. Recently, deficits in executive function have emerged as key factors affecting academic and career success. More than of children with ADHD still exhibit symptoms as adults. Guess, rather than taking time to solve a problem; blurt out answers in class without waiting to be called on or hear the whole question. School tips for children with ADHD ADHD, obviously, gets in the way of learning. Research shows that genes may be a large contributor to ADHD. have trouble taking turns• Examples of these drugs include methylphenidate Ritalin and amphetamine-based stimulants Adderall. People with ADHD may also have trouble focusing their attention on a single task or sitting still for long periods of time. However, scientists have discovered a strong genetic link since ADHD can run in families. premature birth or low birth weight• To help relieve any impact on learning for children, teachers can map out individual guidelines for a student with ADHD. experiencing difficulty with time management and task organization• Doctors may recommend treating ADHD with a combination of therapies. american sign language interpreting icon Learn about symptoms of ADHD, how ADHD is diagnosed, and treatment recommendations including behavior therapy, medication, and school support. Think of what the school setting requires children to do: Sit still. including stimulants, nonstimulants and antidepressants• Is forgetful in daily activities ADHD predominantly hyperactive-impulsive presentation• Has difficulty remaining seated• Symptoms of inattention in children Your child may:• Results of a population screen of 966 adults. For example, found that children with ADHD had higher rates of daytime sleepiness than children without ADHD. Since that time, the disorder has been given numerous names, including minimal brain dysfunction, hyperkinetic reaction of childhood, and attention-deficit disorder with or without hyperactivity. expand• Fact: is often prescribed for attention deficit disorder, but it might not be the best option for your child. expand• Often does not seem to listen when spoken to directly. But there are steps you can take to regain control of the situation, while simultaneously helping your child make the most of their abilities. If an individual with ADHD does not receive treatment, they can experience negative outcomes related to their condition, including but not limited to low self-esteem, depression, problems in school, and family conflicts. The names of various diagnoses have changed over the years in through as series of revisions to the manual as research has improved and new information has come to light. If you think you or your child may have ADHD, your first step should be talking to your doctor. expand• In addition to — or instead of — medication, several remedies have been suggested to help improve ADHD symptoms. from TVs, computers, phones, and other electronics• expand• You will be subject to the destination website's privacy policy when you follow the link. expand• Parent coaching: Therapists can also work with parents to help them respond to the often-difficult behaviors that can accompany ADHD. Studies show a link between cigarette smoking and alcohol use during pregnancy and children who have ADHD. Neuropsychological and psychoeducational testing are also pivotal in the process of attaining academic, standardized testing, and workplace accommodations. Teens with ADHD present a special challenge. Others are only mildly inattentive, but overly impulsive.。 。 。


ADHD: Everything You Need to Know




7 facts about ADHD


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About ADHD




What Is ADHD?


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ADHD: Overview, characteristics, and treatments


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